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At least 140 people were killed or died at the Wall in connection with the East German border regime between 1961 and 1989.

  • 101 East German fugitives, who were killed, died by accident, or committed suicide while trying to flee through the border fortifications.
  • 30 people from the East and West without any escape plans and 1 Soviet soldier were shot or died in an accident.
  • Eight East German border soldiers, who were killed by deserters, comrades, a fugitive, an escape helper or a West Berlin policeman by accident or intentionally while on duty.

At least 251 travelers also died during or after they had gone through checkpoints at the Berlin border crossings. Unknown numbers of people suffered and died from distress and despair in their personal lives as a consequence of the Berlin Wall being built.

Biographical portraits of the 140 victims at the Berlin Wall

Further information:



Cover: The Victims at the Berlin Wall 1961 - 1989
Hans-Hermann Hertle, Maria Nooke (eds.): The Victims at the Berlin Wall 1961 - 1989
A Biographical Handbook
Berlin 2011


Dr. Sarah Bornhorst
Oral history and biographical research
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